At least when we’re talking about companies.
One leads to another. Either the starting point is the structures in place, or it’s the company culture.
Structures are systems/processes/policies designed to get a specific output.
Culture is the collection and interaction of human behaviors.
Which is easier to implement? To change?
How would we change structures?
By evaluating/upgrading/discarding/tweaking them.
How would we change culture?
By changing structures.
If the “culture” disapproves, then the structure will change to get the desired result.
Bad cultures are built by bad structures.
Bad culture might provide some motivation to change the structure, but it’s only there because of the bad structure in the first place.
Structure defines and refines.
Culture detects and reflects.